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How does 4D/5D BIM benefit the General contraction and Construction Industry?

Published: 01/04/2019

Country: India


By using BIM technology in the construction industry has given enormous benefits to architects, engineers and construction firms. Entire project responsibility stays on the general contractors during the construction of a project such as daily monitoring, vendor management, communication flow, etc. Professionals involved in the construction can effectively plan, design, manage and construct the buildings and other infrastructure. BIM works with various dimensions that aid in the construction of the projects. 4D and 5D BIM analysis help in preparing a proper schedule of the entire building details of construction projects where scheduling and cost estimation details can be enhanced.


4D BIM is also known as construction sequencing which states that proper scheduling data is addressed to facilitate the informative project model. It refers to a 3D visualization model of a construction project that includes the sequencing and scheduling data. It is useful in the planning and execution of the construction project with on-site efficiency.

Benefits of 4D BIM

If the time of the activity and schedule is known, effective streamlining of activities can be attained between Architectural, Structural, and MEP Disciplines. All the building components differentiate, so it incorporates time-related information such as lead time, interdependency of other products, construction and installation time. All the scheduling related data is then used by the contractors to plan the work of workers effectively at the construction site. Schedule plan can be compared to an actual plan when the data gets converted to graphical representation which adds value to all the stages in the construction project. 4D BIM Models enable to conceive locations of permanent and temporary facilities.

General Contractors can provide rapid feedback on any changes that are required to aid the construction industry. On-site rework can be eliminated, minimizing waste from the delivery process. In primitive days, Gantt Charts were used to plan the progress of the construction site. Information was difficult to understand as it depends on how it has been collaborated and interpreted.


5D BIM includes information related to cost estimation in a project model which states the budget used for modification in design. Here the cost is related to information about purchasing, installing, running, maintenance and renewal costs that link the data related to accurate cost estimation and planning. Structural BIM Modeling helps 5D BIM in regarding types of material used such as rebar, concrete, formwork, material take-offs, material quantities and other resource details such as equipment details, labor details, etc. 

Benefits of 5D BIM

By using 5D BIM in construction project gives a positive return on investment. The scope of project work can be adequately evaluated through visual and data modeling capabilities. Real-time data is achieved as the model is changed or developed which shortens design and estimation cycle time relying upon accurate and reliable data-driven efficiency. It provides comprehensive project risks information and aids in developing budget estimation accurately.


4D and 5D BIM Services provide improvement and opportunities to all the professionals involved in the construction industry either to improve the process workflow or to know material quantities take-offs. These services play a vital role in the project as it provides information regarding time-schedule and cost estimation. Ideal deployment of resources can be achieved by optimum utilization of 4D and 5D BIM. The project will be completed under the exact deadline given as all the information about scheduling and cost is attained. The project design is made sustainable, and all the clashes are removed in the planning and design stage that saves a lot of time and cost incurred on the project.

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